Rated #1 place
to live in New England by Money Magazine in 1995.
The phonetic pronunciation of
Haverhill is: HAY-VRILL
is located in northeastern Massachusetts; about 32 miles north
of Boston on the New Hampshire border; and about 16 miles from
the Atlantic Ocean. The Merrimack River flows 12 miles through
the heart of the city and is directly responsible for the city's
shape and character. Haverhill is connected to New England via
Interstate Highway 495 and by commuter rail. Interstate Highways
93 and 95 are only a 10 minute drive away. Haverhill has three
airports including Logan International Airport within 30 miles.
With Haverhill being centrally located in New England, it is
easy to understand why Haverhill is considered a gateway city
for global technology and commerce.
Haverhill's location on our planet
is: 42.785605 N, 71.072057 W. Haverhill's geographical area encompasses
34.38 square miles (32,0005.5 acres) of which land area is 32.04
square miles (30,505.5 acres) and water area is 2.34 square miles
(1,500.0 acres). Haverhill has 232.08 miles of road.
The 2000 Census shows Haverhill has 58,969 residents, up 7,551
from 1990. The census figure represents the third-highest population
boost among communities across the State of Massachusetts. Haverhill
showed the greatest growth of any city in the Merrimack Valley
between 1990 and 2000.
Haverhill Deed of Township
was founded in 1640 by twelve English Puritans from Ipswich,
MA and Newbury, MA as a frontier settlement. Pentucket was the
original name of the settlement -- named for the nearby Native
American tribe. Although homes were built and the farm lands
were being tended, it was not until two years later in 1642 when
the "Haverhill Deed of Township" was finally signed.
John Ward, Robert Clements, Tristram Coffin, Hugh Sherratt, William
White and Thomas Davis signed for the settlers. Pentucket tribe
members Passaquo and SaggaHew, with the consent of Passaconway,
signed for the tribe. The settlers purchased the land for 3 pounds
and 10 shillings. Haverhill is named after Haverhill, England.
Hannah Duston (1657-1732)
is noted in history for her daring escape in 1697 from 10 Native
Americans. On March 15, 1697, Hannah, her 1 week old daughter
Martha, and 39 others were kidnapped and forced to walk over
45 miles to a site along the Merrimack River near Concord, NH.
The legend says that her daughter was then murdered. Soon after
her baby's murder, Hannah learned that she was to be taken to
a faraway village. Fearing for her own life, Hannah plotted her
escape knowing that there was little chance of any rescue attempt
being made to save her. On March 31, 1697, Hannah scalped and
killed her 10 captors and escaped. Hannah brought back the scalps
to prove her story and collect a bounty.
visited Haverhill on November 4, 1789. Washington was on a "triumphant
circuit" touring New England. On his return to New York
City, Washington chose Harrod's Tavern on Main Street to spend
his night. Washington's impression of Haverhill was that it was
"the pleasantest village he had past through......it has
commercial advantages and beauty of location". After he
left Haverhill, the townspeople named its main meeting square
From 1700 to
1800, Haverhill's early industries were farming, fishing and
shipbuilding. Around 1800, Haverhill had become a regional center
for the cattle market. Haverhill's businessmen were always quite
zealous for making a profit. They took advantage of the cattle
market by producing as many different products as they could
from the cattle. Products included salt beef; combs made from
horns; and leather products such as gloves, saddles, harnesses
Ladies' Upper Laced Boot, 1883
It was the shoe industry that
first made Haverhill's mark on the world. In 1811, 20,000 pair
of shoes were being produced. By 1830, the number of pairs of
shoes produced had grown to 1,500,000. In 1890, over 11,000 people
were employed in the shoe industry and that number continued
to grow well into the early 1900's. Haverhill became a world
leader in the shoe industry and was called the "Queen Shoe
City of the World". At the shoe industry's peak, Haverhill
had over 200 shoe establishments with a fine complement of support
John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892), the celebrated Quaker poet
and abolitionist, was born in Haverhill in 1807. Whittier is
best renowned for his poem "Snowbound". Whittier is
also recognized for his works as an editor of several newspapers.
Macy's Department Store, NYC
Hussey Macy (1822-1919), of the New York City department store
fame, got his start in the retail business by opening his dry
goods store in downtown Haverhill in 1851. Macy's store was located
on Merrimack Street. Macy's first parade was not in New York
City as most may think, but was held in Haverhill on July 4,
1854. It was too hot that day and only about 100 people turned
out to view the parade. Macy's policy for his store was "His
goods are bought for cash, and will be sold for the same, at
a small advance". In 1858 Macy sold his store and with
the financial backing of Haverhill's Caleb Dustin Hunking, he
left Haverhill to open a new store in New York City.
Haverhill became incorporated
as a city in 1870.
Bell's 1st Telephone Call.....
"Mr. Watson, come here, I want you."
Thomas S. Sanders
(1839-1911), was a prosperous leather merchant in Haverhill and
the principle financier for Alexander Graham Bell's telephone.
Sander's oldest child was a deaf mute. Sanders had befriended
Bell, a specialist in teaching the deaf, after Bell had become
Sanders child's tutor. It was in Haverhill that Bell conducted
his telephone experiments. Sanders invested $110,000.00 into
Bell's telephone invention. In 1877, Sanders along with Bell,
Thomas Watson and Gardiner Hubbard formed the Bell Telephone
Company. The first business telephone call was made in Haverhill,
between the home of Sanders on Kenoza Avenue, and his sole cutting
business on Merrimack Street.
William H. Moody (1853-1917),
Haverhill's City Solicitor in 1888, was elected to the U.S. House
of Representatives in 1895 and was subsequently reelected 3 times.
In 1902, Moody resigned his House seat to accept an appointment
as Secretary of the Navy from President Theodore Roosevelt. In
1904, Roosevelt appointed Moody U.S. Attorney General. In 1906,
President Roosevelt nominated Moody to the Supreme Court to which
Moody served until 1910. Moody is also notarized in history as
one of the prosecuting attorneys in the famed Lizzie Borden "hatchet
murder" trial in 1892 while serving in the Massachusetts
District Attorney's Office.
Louis B. Mayer (1885-1957),
of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) Studios fame, got his start in motion
picture industry in Haverhill. In 1907, he purchased and renovated
the rundown Gem Theater for a bargain price. (He promptly renamed
it the Orpheum Theater.) Mayer made it his policy to only show
top-quality films in his theater. That policy led to a thriving
business for Mayer. Because of his success in Haverhill, Mayer
expanded to other areas in New England and within a few years
he owned the largest theater chain in the region. In 1916, Mayer
left Haverhill and ventured west to Los Angeles, CA and formed
his own production company. His company, after a series of mergers,
became known as MGM Studios.
Downtown Waterfront 1910-- Westside
Downtown Waterfront 1910 --
(1920-1975), in 1941, created the "Archie Comic Strip"
depicting his days as a student at Haverhill High School (HHS).
Montana was a member of HHS class of 1939. HHS is called Riverdale
High in the comics presumably because of the influence of the
Merrimack River. "The Thinker" stills sits outside
at HHS's front entrance. The main characters, Archie, Jughead,
Betty, Veronica and Reggie are all based on Montana's real-life
friends at HHS and their teenage adventures.
the Great Depression and WWII, Haverhill's shoe industry faded.
But new businesses soon appeared like Western Electric in the
1950's and continuing on to Pepsi Cola in 1997. The city has
recovered nicely by combining a good mix of residential living
with a good business and technology base. Haverhill has several
industrial parks and an emerging "Cyber District".
The Cyber District is located in downtown Haverhill's nationally
registered Historic District. The Cyber District is being supported
by Mayor John Guerin's "Footwear-to-Software" Task
Force. The district's streetscapes are recognized as having one
of the finest Queen Anne architectural styles in America.
Rolling Hills and Farmlands
Haverhill has many working farms
and is abundant in rolling hills. Rich with natural resources,
Haverhill is blessed with many lakes, streams and ponds and an
array of parks, trails and conservation areas. The Merrimack
River provides a perfect home to an increasing population of
bald eagles. Recreational activities can also be enjoyed at Haverhill's
four golf courses, downhill ski area, public skating rink, horse
riding academies or at its sailing program.
to have one of the best educational systems in the United States.
Haverhill takes great pride in the learning environment it has
created for its children. Along with its accomplished elementary,
middle and high schools, Haverhill has a vocational high school
and is the home of Northern Essex Community College. Haverhill
opened two new schools, (Silver and Golden Hill) in 1995 and
two more new schools (Bradford and Pentucket Lake) in 1998. (Total
cost for the 4 school equals approximately 60 million dollars.)
The Nettle School is currently being rehabilitated. In 1997,
Haverhill completed a 5 million dollar expansion of its public
Public safety and
health care are very important to Haverhill's citizens. In the
fall of 1999, Haverhill's new police station (6 million dollars)
was completed. The new station is a state-of-the-art facility;
housing a centralized communications center for both the police
and fire departments. In addition, the new police station is
equipped with the most modern crime-fighting, crime-deterring
and crime-analyzing tools. Haverhill has a full service hospital
in the city; has several rehabilitation and long-term care facilities;
and has numerous fitness centers.
The spirit of community
can be found in every corner of Haverhill. Volunteerism has always
been an overflowing advantage for Haverhill. The City of Haverhill
sponsors many events throughout the year that bring that spirit
alive. The 4th of July Celebration, Septemberfest and Downtown
Christmas Stroll are great examples that bring about Haverhill's
charm. "A modern city with a small town flavor"
is how many visitors and residents best described Haverhill.
Haverhill was selected as the The History Channel's host city
for the finish of its 16th annual "Great Race". The
race, a cross country, antique automobile road rally, started
in Tacoma, Washington on May 31, 1998, and ended in Haverhill
on June 13, 1998. Due to the worst rain storm in 41 years, only
14,000 people turned out for the Great Race (expected attendance
was to bring an additional 50,000 people into the city to watch
the cars cross the finish line); but those that did attend had
a fantastic and memorable time.
Additional Notable Citizens:
WILLIAM F. BARTLETT
JOHN C. CHASE
JAMES U. CROCKETT
MURIEL SANDERS DRAPER
ANN HASELTINE JUDSON
FRANK HOWARD LAHEY
JAMES R. NICHOLS
WINFIELD TOWNLEY SCOTT
Other states and countries
with cities/towns named Haverhill:
Chase, George Wingate. The History of Haverhill, Massachusetts
Somersworth, NH: New England History Press in collaboration
with the Haverhill Historical Society, Haverhill, MA, 1983.
O'Malley, Patricia Trainor and Tedesco, Paul H. A New England
City - Haverhill, Massachusetts Northridge, CA: Windsor Publication,
Phillips, Charles. Archie His First 50 Years New York
City, NY: Abbeville Press, 1991.
What Do George Washington And Archie Have In Common
Haverhill Historical Society, Haverhill, MA.
North of Boston, 1997-1998 Visitors Guide North of Boston
Convention and Visitors Bureau, Peabody, MA.
Whittier Family Homestead Trustees of the Whittier Homestead,
Haverhill Public Library, Haverhill, MA.
Haverhill Public Library Special Collections, Haverhill, MA.
Library of Congress
United States Geological Survey
Various Internet Sites
*Year 2000 population estimated by Massachusetts Secretary of
State William F. Glavin as reported in the Eagle-Tribune, June
21, 1999, page 1, Haverhill Edition.
Florida, Iowa, Kansas, New Hampshire, England